Usage of Smartphone Apps in Self-care of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Scoping Review

Document Type : review


1 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

2 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

3 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran

4 Department of Education, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan Iran


Aim: Using smartphone apps can be a valuable tool for self-managing dialysis patients. This study aimed to review the usage of smartphone apps in the self-care of patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Method: Resources were searched on three bibliographic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL, investigated from May 2005 through May 2021, using key terms, such as smartphone apps, mobile health, hemodialysis, chronic kidney disease, self-care, and self-management. Selecting articles were based on the PRISMA flow diagram.
Results: The smartphone apps used for undergoing hemodialysis patients were categorized into five main categories. These categories included dietary monitoring, treatment adherence, lifestyle management, symptoms monitoring, and patient training.
Conclusion: Smartphone apps must be developed by cooperation and supervision of healthcare agencies to improve patient adoption and ensure confidentiality. Further research efforts are needed to assess the impact of apps on quality of life outcomes through randomized controlled trials and cohort studies. In developing apps, the needs and preferences of patients must be considered.


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Volume 2, Issue 2 - Serial Number 3
December 2021
Pages 57-62
  • Receive Date: 13 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 22 November 2021
  • Accept Date: 28 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 01 December 2021